Early Los Angeles Programmatic-Style Buildings

Background

Los Angeles is known around the world for its programmatic or mimetic type architecture.  The style rose to prominence after the wild success of the Brown Derby restaurant on Wilshire Boulevard in 1926.  This giant object spawned at least 75 other roadside structures in the region shaped like animals, food or vehicles.  These specimens were portrayed in popular media as lining LA streets and, along with the booming artist community, health food fads and creative expression of religion, added to Southland’s reputation as a bastion of eccentricity in the early part of the 20th century.  The golden age of programmatic architecture was the interwar years (1918-1941), giving us several of the most bazaar-looking buildings, some of which still stand today.*+*

Programmatic architecture momentarily dotted the Greater Los Angeles landscape as it catered to the area’s expanding car culture and commuters by utilizing a commercial building’s architecture to advertise what products consumers could expect to find inside. The programmatic style of architecture was highly influenced by the exponential rise of the automobile, a trend that grew through the post-war era.^#^

 

Hollywood Flower Pot

 
(1920s)* - The Hollywood Flower Pot florist in the shape of a flower pot with a plant growing in it, located 1124 N. Vine Street (S/E corner of Vine St and Banner Ave).  

 

Historical Notes

In the 1920s, as the automobile was becoming the default way to get around Los Angeles, buildings and structures in the area became more unique, often resembling the merchandise or services they hawked.  These “hey-you-can’t miss-me!” buildings (referred to as Novelty or Programmatic architecture) were made to pull automobile drivers right off the road.

 

 

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Coffee Cup Café

 
(1920s)* - View of the Coffee Cup Café located at 8901 Pico Boulevard. A giant coffee cup and saucer sit on top of the cafe structure.  

 

 

 

Wilshire Coffee Pot Restaurant

 
(ca. 1925)#*#^ - View showing a car in the parking lot of the Wilshire Coffee Pot restaurant. The restaurant and coffee shop was located at 8601 Wilshire Boulevard, on the northwest corner of Stanley Drive and Wilshire Blvd. A giant coffee pot sits on top of the building. Ben-Hur Coffee is featured.  

 

 

 

 

 
(ca. 1930s)* - Close-up view of the Wilshire Coffee Pot restaurant, located at 8601 Wilshire Boulevard in Beverly Hills.  The building has a coffee pot on the roof with advertisement for: Ben-Hur Delicious Drip Coffee.   

 

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Sphinx Realty Company

 
(ca. 1920s)+^^ – View looking north on Fairfax Ave showing a man walking in front of the Sphinx Realty Company. The building was located at 537 North Fairfax Avenue, across the street from Fairfax High School. Camel-shaped sign on the left reads: 50 ft. Kings Road - $2150. Triangular-shaped sign on right reads: Well Located Lot - $1895.  

 

 

 

 
(1920)* - Exterior view of the Sphinx Realty Company, in the shape of a sphinx, located at 537 North Fairfax Avenue, surrounded by signs listing these properties for sale: Beautiful five bedroom home, $6,750; Six room corner stucco near here, $7,200; Seven room stucco, $7,650; Corner near here, $2,500.  

 

 

 

 
(1920)* - View showing two men standing in front of the Sphinx Realty Company sales building located on Fairfax Avenue. The office was located across the street from where Fairfax High School stands today.  

 

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Barkies Sandwich Shops

 
(1930)* - View showing Barkies Sandwich Shops located on the northeast corner of Beverly Blvd and Westmoreland Ave.  

 

Historical Notes

Barkies Sandwich Shops was a 1920s Los Angeles restaurant chain, featuring a larger than life mascot named “Ponderous Pup.” These types of shops were an early precursor to the mini-mall idea.*

 

 

 

 

(ca. 1930)^*^# - View showing a woman in a fur coat posing next to an early model car with Barkies Sandwich Shops No. 4 in the background.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1974)^*^# – View showing the Barkie’s Sandwich Shop No. 4 building seen here as the Caibarien Bar, with 'Happy Hours from 2 – 5 pm Every Day'.  

 

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Mother Goose Pantry

 
(1920s)#^#^ - View showing Mother Goose Pantry, located at 1951 East Colorado Boulevard. This was a 'shoe-in' for best design in the 1920s.  

 

Historical Notes

The restaurant served hearty meals from the whimsical shoe that attracted patrons driving along Route 66 from the east coast to Los Angeles. Diners would be seated on the ground floor and in a dining room upstairs.

 

 

 

 
(1927)#^*^ - The Mother Goose Pantry in an ad in the 1927 cookbook by the Woman's Auxiliary of the Pasadena Fire Department. Source: Pasadena Central Library  

 

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The Cream Can

 
(ca. 1920s)+^^ – View showing the Cream Can stand located somewhere in Southern California.  Signs read:  ORANGE JUICE and JUMBO ROOT BEER  

 

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Freezer Ice Cream Parlor

 
(1920s)* - View showing The Freezer, an ice cream parlor in the shape of an ice cream maker complete with a giant crank, located at 3641 Pico Boulevard.  

 

Historical Notes

The Freezer was a mini chain of ice cream outlets, and each store was built into the shape of an ice cream churn. They also had locations at 7435 Sunset, 1124 Vine, 3801 W Washington, 402 S Western, and one in Alhambra.*##

 

 

 

 
(1920s)*** - View showing The Freezer Ice Cream Parlor, selling Samarkand Ice Cream.  Sign reads: ‘New Freezer Special – Pure Vanilla’.  

 

 

 

 
(1920)* - Two women pose next to The Freezer Ice Cream Parlor.  

 

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Hoot Owl Café

 
(1920s)* - View showing a boy and girl enjoying Hoot, Hoot ice cream in front of Hoot Owl Café.  

 

Historical Notes

I Scream Hoot Owl Café was in the shape of an owl. The head rotated; the eyes, made from Buick headlamps, blinked; the sign: Hoot Hoot, I Scream, used elements of a theater marquee. For over 50 years, Tillie Hattrup ran this refreshment spot designed and built by her husband, Roy in 1926-27. It was originally on Valley Boulevard, then moving to 8711 Long Beach Boulevard, before being demolished in 1979.*

 

 

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Igloo Ice Cream Parlor

 
(1927)* - View showing The Igloo, an igloo-shaped ice cream parlor located at 4302 W. Pico Blvd. A sign is partially shown, and reads: "Old fashioned fancy ice cream and sherbet". Clyde's Super Motor Service can be seen in the background.  

 

 

 

 

 
(1927)* - Close-up view showing the entrance to The Igloo Ice Cream Parlor located on the south side of Pico Boulevard just west of S. Victoria Avenue.  The igloo is attached to a huge "ice berg," on top of which sits a stranded ship. Two polar bears flank the entrance.  

 

 

 

 
(1920s)^^^ – View showing a woman posing for the camera in front of The Igloo Ice Cream Parlor.  Sign in front reads:  ‘Fancy Ice Creams’.  

 

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Home of The Cone

 
(ca. 1920s)* - Home of The Cone, an ice cream parlor with an oversized ice cream cone at each corner, located at 2626 Colorado Boulevard in Eagle Rock.  A house can be seen behind the parlor, on the right side.  

 

Historical Notes

This small establishment offered dairy products such as milk & cream, cottage cheese, churned buttermilk, and fancy ice cream. The building eventually became the Feed Rack, a small restaurant, during the Depression.*

 

 

 

 
(ca. 1930)* - Originally built as an ice cream parlor, with an oversized ice cream cone at each corner, the building became the Feed Rack, a small restaurant, during the Depression. An older man (possibly the owner) points to a sign: "Hello, Oldtimer! Are you hungry? Stop and get some coffee & donuts. They are on us."  

 

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Shy-Der's Health Juices

 
(ca. 1938)* - This little juice stand located on the southwest corner of York Blvd and N Ave 49 has giant carrots on all four corners, incorporated into the architecture.   

 

Historical Notes

Although Shy-der's Health Juices has been demolished, the house behind it still stands.  Click HERE for contemporary view.

 

 

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Betsy Anne Ice Cream & Candy Store

 
(1930s)* - View showing the Betsy Ann Ice Cream and Candy Store.  The entrance is in the shape of a woman with a hat, long curls in her hair, a large hoop skirt, and holding a fan.  Two ice cream cones flank the entrance.  Signs on either side of her read: "We manufacture our own ice cream and candies", below that, another sign reading, "Betsy Ann fancy ice cream & candies", and "Good Old Eastside. The perfect brew. We serve cold drinks of all kinds".  

 

Historical Notes

There was a real Betsy Ann behind Betsy Ann Ice Cream and Candy Store.  Betsy Ann Helsel founded the company in 1938 and lived in one of the two 2-story homes directly behind the ice cream parlor.

 

 

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The Cornucopia

 
(1928)* - The Cornucopia ice cream stand, located at 1934 San Fernando Blvd, was in the shape of a huge upside-down ice cream cone. It had two small windows on both sides and a doorway at the front, all with awnings. A sign on the right of the cone reads: "Bonded quality ice cream. Open 11 AM to 10 PM. Malted milk candies". The 'speckling' on the photo is from a bad nitrate negative. Photo dated: April 19, 1928.   

 

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The Big Cone

 
(1930s)*^^ – View showing a man standing in front of the The Big Cone, a Chapman’s Ice Cream parlor in Los Angeles.  

 

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Oil Can Restaurant

 
(1928)** – View showing the Oil Can Restaurant located on Whittier Boulevard in Montebello.  

 

Historical Notes

The tiny diner mimicked the shape of the cans once used to lubricate machinery, complete with a giant handle and a spout that towered above the building's domed roof. The Oil Can was built in the 1920s on Whittier Boulevard in honor of the underground oil that had been found prior in the Montebello region that the restaurant was located. The restaurant served food, ice cream, and beer brewed by Eastside Beer. Eastside Beer was eventually purchased by Pabst Brewing. #^#^

 

 

 

 
(1928)** - Closer view of the Oil Can Restaurant with a man and woman (maybe the owners) standing in front of the window. Several signs appear on the building advertising: Ice Cream, Eastside Beer, and Soda.  

 

Historical Notes

The discovery of an underground oil field in 1917 had brought fortune to the town and transformed its once graceful hills ("Montebello" is Italian for "beautiful mountain") into a forest of wooden derricks.^**

 

 

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Airplane Café

 
(ca. 1924)* - View of the Airplane Café, a restaurant in the shape of a plane, complete with wings and a propeller. The structure has wheels, but rests on raised slabs of wood. The sign on roof reads: REAL CHILI - GOOD COFFEE - SPECIAL PREPARED HAMBURGER.  

 

 

 

 
(ca. 1924)* - Front end view of the Airplane Café (address unknown). The sign in the window reads: “Girl Wanted”.  

 

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The Dugout Restaurant

 
(1929)* - "The Dugout" sandwich stand, which is surrounded by sandbags and has a plane crashed into its roof, located at 6157 E. Whittier Blvd. A sign outside reads: "The famous Dugout French dip sandwiches".  

 

 

 

 
(1920s)* - Close-up view of "The Dugout" showing a man in a soldier's uniform waving from behind sandbags in front of the restaurant.  

 

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Zep Diner

 
(1931)* - View of Zep Diner, located at 515 W. Florence Ave, near Figueroa St. A sign hanging from the stairs advertises lunch for .40 cents. The Zep was open “all night” and was the “Home of the Hinden Burger”. The location is now a McDonald’s parking lot.  

 

 

 

 
(1931)#^^ - View of two women standing on the stairway leading to the entrance of Zen Diner. There is a Gilmore Service Station next door.  

 

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The Tamale

 
(1928)^.^ – Two young women pose for the camera while sitting in the rumble seat of an early model car parked across the street from The Tamale, located at 6421 Whittier Boulevard in East Los Angeles.  

 

Historical Notes

A rare remaining example of programmatic architecture, The Tamale was designed to advertise its products to passing motorists. It opened in 1928 as a restaurant that served “Tamale pies,” malts, and other “Spanish delights” along with hamburgers and chili.^#^

 

 

 

 
(1928)* - Close-up view showing The Tamale, a restaurant specializing in hispanic foods. Building was built in the shape of a tamale.  

 

 

 

 
(2001)* -  Exterior view of Charley's Beauty Salon, once the Tamale Restaurant, located at 6431 Whittier Boulevard. Photo by Milton Slade  

 

Historical Notes

Originally opened in 1928 as a restaurant that served “Tamale pies,” malts, and other “Spanish delights” along with hamburgers and chili. The Tamale is now home to a beauty salon and a dental laboratory.  In 1984, The Tamale was transformed from a restaurant and adaptively reused to meet the needs of its current tenants.  This particular building, which was designed to look like a wrapped tamale, has seen its exterior color change throughout the years but is largely intact. ^#^ 

 

 

 
(2017)^v^ – Another view of ‘The Tamale’ as it appears today. The building is empty and purportedly up for sale.  

 

Historical Notes

Although it’s among the last of an indigenous California architectural form, unfortunately there is no structure in place for protecting or preserving the Tamale. Located in unincorporated Los Angeles County, it is not subject to the city’s historic preservation guidelines. ^x^

 

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Toonerville Trolley Sandwich Shop

 
(ca. 1930s)* - View of the Toonerville Trolley Sandwich Shop located at 1635 W. Manchester Avenue. Sign reads:  'Sandwich Special' and 'Free Coffee'  

 

 

 

 
(ca. 1930s)* - Night view of Toonerville Trolley Sandwich Special, housed in an old streetcar.  Neon lights outline the roof of the car, as well as light on the advertising along the front panel that reads: "Good Coffee", "Tamales", "Chili", "Hot Cogs", "Hamburger", "Ice Cream", "Sodas", "Home Made Pies", and "Barbeque Sandwiches".  

 

 

 

 
(1930)* - Front view of the trolley, now Toonerville Trolley Sandwich Special, with a man looking out of an open window as several people wait outside to hop on. Advertising along the front reads: "Eat Barbecue".  

 

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Mushroom Café

 
(1920)* – View showing the Mushroom Café, in the shape of a mushroom, located at 3500 W. Olive Avenue in Burbank. A woman is sitting on a toadstool in front.  

 

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Toed Inn

 
(1920)* - The Toed Inn, was a stand in the shape of a toad, located on Channel Road in Santa Monica. Behind can be seen the Seaside Service Station.  

 

Historical Notes

In 1938, the Toed Inn structure was damaged by a flood caused by one of wettest seasons ever to hit Southern California. That same year, the Toed Inn was relocated to Westwood, at 12008 Wilshire Boulevard.*

 

 

 
(ca. 1938) - The Toad Inn at it's new location at 12008 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles.  

 

 

 

 

 
(1940)^.^ - Toed Inn located at 12008 Wilshire Boulevard after it became a drive-in restaurant.  Click HERE to see more Early LA Drive-in restaurants. Image by Jim Heimann Collection.   

 

 

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Pig Café

 
(ca. 1934)* - The Pig Café, a pig-shaped fast food or sandwich shop was built in 1934 in Hollywood near La Brea Avenue and Rosewood Avenue.  

 

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Pup Café

 
(1930)* - View showing the Pup Café, a hot dog and hamburger stand located at 12728 Washington Boulevard in the community of Venice. A sign resting against the side reads: "Chili. Hot dogs and Hamburgers". It appears that the lots on either side are vacant, but houses can be seen in the background.  

 

Historical Notes

The Pup is a small fast-food restaurant in the shape of a large white dog with black spots, sitting on hind legs. The entrance is through a door on his belly.*

 

 

 
(ca. 1940)* - View showing "The Pup," a hot dog and hamburger stand located at 12728 Washington Boulevard. Signs advertising colas and a variety of food items are seen on every side of the building. Photo by Ansel Adams.  

 

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Bulldog Café

 
(ca. 1928)^^* - View showing a man dressed in a nifty pair of knickerbockers walking in front of the Bulldog Café.  

 

Historical Notes

The Bulldog Café (similar to the Pup Café) was built in 1928 and located at 1153 West Washington Boulevard. It was demolished in 1966.

 

 

 
(ca. 1990)^.^ - View showing a replica of the Bulldog Café on display on the Disney-MGM backlot tour.  

 

Historical Notes

In 1990 Disney recreated the Bulldog Café when it adapted the work into a movie called The Rocketeer. It was on display on the Disney-MGM backlot tour from 1991-1996.

In 1994 the Peterson Automotive Museum (which is also an example of Programmatic Architecture itself, as the front of the museum is designed to look like the grill of car, also had a smaller scale replica of the Bulldog Café inside. But during a recent renovation, it was decided that the cafe would be demolished. Luckily, the replica cafe was saved, and is now sitting on the patio of the Idle Hour Café (opened in 2015). #^#^

 

 

 
(2015)#*#* – View showing the replica of the Bulldog Café standing in the courtyard of the Idle Hour Café. Photo by Elizabeth Daniels  

 

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Chili Bowl Restaurant

 
(1937)* - View showing the Chili Bowl Restaurant, located at 3012 Crenshaw Boulevard. Writing on side of building reads: Tamales, Egg-Royal, and Grill-Burgers.  

 

Historical Notes

Art Whizin established the Chili Bowl restaurant chain in Los Angeles in 1931, known for its distinctive shape in the form of a chili bowl. Whizin was a 25-year-old former amateur boxer when he established the business on Crenshaw Boulevard near Jefferson Boulevard with funding raised by selling "his wife's wedding ring and his roadster." Other businesses at the time were also modeled with architecture featuring eye-catching architectural depictions of the goods sold including ice a cream cones and coffee kettles.*^

 

 

 
(ca. 1937)* - One of the six Chili Bowl restaurants, located at 801 N. La Brea Avenue. The neon sign mounted on the roof reads, "Get the Chili Bowl Habit!"  Photo by Herman Schultheis  

 

Historical Notes

Chili Bowl restaurants were arranged with 26 stools around a circular counter (no tables) and employed college "kids" as burger flippers. The specialty dish was an open-faced burger smothered in chili and there were 22 restaurants within a decade of the eatery's opening.  After WWII many of the stores were converted into Punch & Judy Ice Cream Parlors that were later closed, and Whizin also built a mall in Agoura Hills that still bears his name.*^

 

 

 
(1961)* - Exterior of Theater Ninety, located at 972 Vine Street at Willoughby Avenue (lower left). A Texaco service station is on the far right. This structure's shape and size give away its former life as a Chili Bowl restaurant; it has since been demolished.  

 

Historical Notes

Four Chili Bowl structures survive, one in Huntington Park, Long Beach that is now the Guadalajara Nightclub, another became Kim Chuy Chinese restaurant on Valley Boulevard in Alhambra, the one on Pico Boulevard (that remained open 24 hours during the war effort for nearby workers), is now Mr. Cecil's California Ribs, and the one on San Fernando Road in Glendale is a used-car dealership.*^

 

 

 
(2010)##* - View of Mr. Cecil's California Ribs on Pico Boulevard in West L.A. in a former Chili Bowl building.  

 

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Pumpkin Building

 
(1927)^x^ – View showing the Pumpkin Palace located at 3611 Magnolia Boulevard near Hollywood Way, in Burbank.  

 

Historical Notes

The Pumpkin Building would wear many hats throughout its existence.  It started out as at least two nightclubs in the 1920s (Pumpkin Palace and Studio Club), later a church called Valley Gospel, an inn called the Pumpkin Inn, a real estate office called Stan Summeril Real Estate, and later a hardware store (Magnolia Park Hardware).

 

 

 

 
(ca. 1930s)^x^ - Postcard view of the Pumpkin Building now occupied by the Studio Club. Card reads: We Invite You to Dine and Dance in the 'World's Largest Pumpkin".  

 

 

 

 

 
(ca. 1935)^x^ – The Pumpkin Palace after it was converted into a church called the Valley Gospel Center.  

 

 

 

 

 
(ca. 1938)^x^ - The Pumpkin Building reincarnated as a real estate office called Stan Summeril Real Estate.  

 

 

 

 

 
(1950s)#^*^ - Another incarnation as a hardware store. Note the for sale sign in the lower right hand corner.  

 

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Brown Derby (Wilshire)

 
(ca. 1926)**^ - View showing the original Brown Derby Restaurant located at 3427 Wilshire Boulevard between Mariposa and Alexandria avenues.  

 

Historical Notes

The Brown Derby chain was started by Robert H. Cobb and Herbert Somborn (a former husband of film star Gloria Swanson). Bob Cobb is known as the inventor of the California Cobb Salad. He was also part owner of the Hollywood Stars baseball team.*^

The original Brown Derby was built in 1926 on the site that later became the Chapman Park Hotel. It had to vacate its location on Wilshire between Alexandria and Mariposa when the land was requisitioned for the women’s village for the 1932 L.A. Olympic Games. So it was temporarily moved in 1931 five blocks west into the Bilicke Building located at 3927 Wilshire Blvd.

In 1937, the Brown Derby would move out of the Bilicke Building into a newly constructed derby-shaped building at 3377 Wilshire Boulevard. The new location was a block east of the Derby's original home, on the northeast corner of Wilshire and Alexandria.

 

 

 
(ca. 1940)* - Cars travel east down Wilshire Boulevard, where it crosses S. Alexandria Avenue (left), right outside the Brown Derby Restaurant. This was the second derby-shaped building of the Brown Derby. Built in 1937, it was located at 3377 Wilshire Boulevard (N/E corner of Wilshire and Mariposa), a block east of the Derby's original location.  

 

Historical Notes

The derby-shaped building remains the most famous due to its distinctive shape. Whimsical architecture was popular at the time, and the restaurant was designed to catch the eye of passing motorists. It is often incorrectly thought that the Brown Derby was a single restaurant, and the Wilshire Boulevard and Hollywood branches are frequently confused.*^

 

 

 
(1954)^++_ - View showing a large group of men in business suits crossing Wilshire Buolevard in front of the Brown Derby.  

 

Historical Notes

The Brown Derby chain also included restaurants in Hollywood, Beverly Hills, and the Los Feliz area. The Los Feliz Brown Derby at 4500 Los Feliz Blvd is the last remaining branch of the chain still extant and in operation*^

 

 

 
(1956)*^ - View showing the front entrance to “The Original Brown Derby Restaurant” on Wilshire Boulevard.  

 

Historical Notes

After being sold in 1975 and renovated, the Brown Derby Restaurant on Wilshre Boulevard was finally replaced in 1980 by a shopping center known as the Brown Derby Plaza. The domed structure was incorporated into the third floor of the building and accommodates a cafe. A Korean mini-mall occupies the site today.*^

Click HERE for more historical background on the Brown Derby.

 

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Roundhouse Café

 
(1929)* - View showing the Roundhouse Café, located at 250 N. Virgil Avenue. This photo shows the main entrance, with a large "Café" sign above the door, and the front end of a locomotive peeking out from a "stall"; a large engine 'shed' is at the rear of the restaurant. The building is brick with a solid color roof, possibly red, which has a circular "Round House" sign on top. On the left, a 'railroad crossing' signal reads: "Stop. Look. Eat". Another sign below that advertises chicken, steaks, and ham. The operating hours are 5 P.M. to 2 A.M.  

 

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The Oil Well Service Station

 
(1920s)* - View showing The Oil Well service station offering 1 qt. oil, free, with 6 gallons of gas.  

 

 

 

 
(1920s)* - The Oil Well service station shaped like an oil well, next to a palm tree and a two-story apartment building in Los Angeles. Click HERE to see more Early Views of LA Gas Stations.  

 

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Bob's Air Mail Service Station

 
(1935)^**^ – View looking east on Wilshire Boulevard at Cochran Avenue.  An airplane (Fokker F-32) seems to be parked on the corner lot. Sign on the wings reads: BOB'S AIRMAIL SERVICE  

Historical Notes

Bob’s Air Mail Service utilized a real twin-prop airplane to top its station, with the wings serving as canopies to shade its General Petroleum pumps. The plane was one of two Fokker F-32 aircraft operated by Western Air Express, circa 1930-31. The four engine F-32 was a design failure due to overheating of the two pusher engines and was only briefly in commercial service.

 

 

 

 
(1936)^*^ - You could gas up your car beneath the wings of a grounded airplane at Bob’s Air Mail Service Station on the n/w corner of Wilshire Blvd. and Cochran Ave.  

 

 

 

 

 
(1936)***^ - Another view of Bob's Airmail Service Station at 5453 Wilshire Boulevard. Click HERE to see more in Early Views of LA Gas Stations.  

 

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Royal Albatross Service Station

 
(1939)* - View of the Royal Albatross, an airplane used as a service station, located on the eastern vertex of a narrow strip of land bordered by Ventura Boulevard (south), Ventura Place (north, seen here, foreground) and Laurel Canyon Boulevard (west). Gasoline pumps are set up under the wing spans.  

 

Historical Notes

The Zenith Model 12 didn’t work out too well. It was an attempt to travel on the success of Henry Ford’s trimotor. It was underpowered and not a roaring success. It became a one of a kind airplane. However, it wasn’t totally useless. Someone saw it as a gasoline station. It was set up as part of a Texaco station in the gore point created by the intersection of Ventura Boulevard and Ventura Place in Studio City opposite Republic Studios.^

 

 

 

 
(ca. 1939)^.^ - Close-up view showing an attendant servicing a car at the Royal Albatross Texaco Service Station in Studio City. Note the cash register on the right.  

Historical Notes

History is vague but the Royal Albatross disappeared around the onset of WWII.

 

 

 

Big Red Piano Shop (aka. California Piano Supply Co.)

 
(ca. 1930)* - A giant grand piano marks the entrance of the California Piano Supply Co. at 2251 Venice Boulevard at Oxford Street. Four little girls stand atop the piano while a women on a step ladder plays the giant keyboard.  

 

Historical Notes

The Big Red Piano Shop, aka. California Piano Supply Co., was once located at 2251 Venice Blvd. (the corner of Venice and Oxford Street), near Western Avenue.

A chiropractor named Dr. Ashley Manning first opened the California Piano Supply Co. in 1927.  Because the neighborhood wasn’t an ideal location for a piano store, he relied on gimmicks to lure customers to his location. However, one of his attention grabbing ploys backfired in 1929, when he was arrested and sentenced to 30 days in jail after neighbors filed charges against him for playing his radio over loudspeakers at random times during the day and night. The sentence was suspended after he agreed to stop disturbing the peace.

Around 1930, Manning added a large piano, measuring 40 feet high and 25 feet long, to the front of his store. Visitors had to walk under it to enter his showroom.^

 

 

 

 
(ca. 1930)* - Three bathing beauties stand atop an over-sized piano while a women on a step ladder plays the giant keyboard in front of the California Piano Supply Co., 2251 Venice Boulevard.  

 

Historical Notes

The giant red piano received national attention, and became one of Los Angeles’s most recognizable icons of the 20th century. Ripley’s advertised it, and the New Yorker magazine once described it as “evidence of Southern California’s special brand of madness.” But Manning didn’t rely solely on his red piano to lure customers. He continued to host remote radio broadcasts, concerts, and free piano lessons for customers.^

 

 

 

 
(1977)^.^ – View showing the Big Red Piano at 2251 Venice Boulevard on the NW corner of Venice Blvd and Oxford Ave.  Today Charlie’s Fixtures occupies the main building.  Click HERE for contemporary view.  Image by Jim Heimann Collection.  

 

Historical Notes

In 1966, Manning sold his business to another music company, who continued to operate it as Manning’s Big Red Piano Shop for four more years. The Refrigeration Equipment Co. then bought the property in 1970 and merged several buildings together to form a 150 foot showroom for its appliances.

In 1972, a fire broke out in an adjacent wood-framed building that Manning once used as a repair shop, warehouse and office. Although the piano survived the fire, the Los Angeles Building and Safety Department declared that it had to be knocked down.

In 1973, property owner Robert Taylor (not the movie star), tried to donate the piano to a historic and preservation organization, providing that the organization move the piano to a safe location. No organization accepted his offer.

Eventually, a pop-architectural buff named Tom Sewell arranged for the piano to be moved 12 miles west to Venice, CA. The move was successful. However, when the contractor tried lowering the unsupported three-legged piano onto a new, specially-fitted concrete base, the piano broke into fragments and was lost.

 

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Currie's Ice Cream

 
(1930s)^* – View showing what appears to be the Grand Opening of Currie’s Ice Cream Parlor on the NW corner of Wilshire Blvd and Gale Drive in Beverly Hills.  

 

Historical Notes

People still fondly remember the Currie’s chain and its “mile-high cone” whose replica was often displayed billboard-style on roofs. The chain was started in 1927 by three brothers named Kuhns. After WWII they sold it to the Good Humor Company who later sold it to Lipton in the 1960s. In 1964 the chain opened its 87th store, in North Hollywood. Although Currie’s anticipated launching units in every community in Southern California, only three outlets were listed in the 1967 Los Angeles phone book and the chain had disappeared by the 1980s. ^##

 

 

 

 
(1930s)^^#* – View looking at a well-lit Currie's Ice Cream located at the northwest corner of Gale Drive and Wilshire Boulevard.  Apparently, their 10 cent jumbo malts were the big thing—they mention it on all three sides of the building!  Currie's was also known for its "Mile-High Cones". Click HERE to see contemporary view showing the same building..  

 

 

 

 

 
(ca. 1936)+^^ – View looking north on Highland Avenue toward Sunset Boulevard.  Currie’s Ice Cream parlor is seen on the northeast corner with its Mile High Cone sign on the roof.  

 

 

 

 
(ca. 1940s)* - View of Currie's Ice Cream parlor on the northeast corner of Sunset Boulevard and Highland Avenue across the street from Hollywood High School.  An enormous piece of metal in the shape of an ice cream cone is displayed on the roof. Signs above the awnings read, "Jumbo malts", Mile high cones", "Malts .10 cents" and "Cones .5 cents". The shop next door has a sign that reads, "Furs by Harry Alpert", and the one next to that is a delicatessen. This building has since been torn down to make way for other businesses.  Click HERE to see contemporary view.  

 

 

 

 
(1945)^* - View showing Currie's Ice Cream parlor located on the southwest corner of California Ave and Whittier Blvd in Montebello, Los Angeles County. Click HERE for contemporary view.  

 

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Idle Hour Café

 
(1941)*+* - View showing the Idle Hour Café the year it opend, located at 4824 Vineland Avenue, North Hollywood.  

 

Historical Notes

Michael D. Connolly, the original owner/builder, was a film technician for Universal Studios, creating daily rushes for movie directors.  In 1940, he acquired the land in North Hollywood for his Café and Tap Room, less than two miles from the studio.  Connolly and his wife Irene would live above their new venture in a small apartment built into the head of the barrel, completed in 1941.  On December 7, the United States was attacked at Pearl Harbor and Michael enlisted as a cook in the Merchant Marines.  Upon his return he and Irene divorced.  Irene continued running the café into the 1960s.  Late in that decade it was renamed Rudy’s Keg.*+*

 

 

 
(2011)++* – View showing the La Caña Restaurant (Idle Hour Café), before its recent renovation.  Photo by Lindsay William-Ross  

 

Historical Notes

In 1971, the building was purchased by renouned flamenco dancers Jose and Dolores Fernandez.  The pair redecorated the dining room to create a dinner theater called La Caña.  The restaurant closed in 1984 but Dolores continued to live in the upstairs apartment until 2009. The building would be shuttered for over 27 years.  #*#*

 

 

 
(2015)#*#* – View showing the newly renovated Idle Hour Café, located at 4824 Vineland Avenue.  Photo by Elizabeth Daniels  

 

Historical Notes

In 2010, the City of Los Angeles designated the Programmatic-style building Historic-Cultural Monument No. 977. The following year the "1933 Group" purchased the property and by 2015 the fully restored barrel-shaped building would once again open as the Hour Café.

The barrel was actually once a more common type of mimetic architecture; local examples included The Barrel Inn, 1525 San Fernando, 1927; Twin Barrel Drive-in, 7200 Beverly Blvd., 1932, Giant Barrel, Los Angeles, 1935; as well as other exmaples around the country.  The Idle Hour is the last remaining barrel-shaped structure in the Los Angeles area.*+*

 

* * * * *

 

The Darkroom

 
(1970s)^^^ – View showing the The Darkroom located at 5370 Wilshire Boulevard on the Miracle Mile. Photo by Marvin Rand  

 

Historical Notes

Los Angeles is home to the original Darkroom. The shop, which is located at 5370 Wilshire Boulevard, was built under the direction of Marcus P. Miller in the 1930s at the height of the California Programmatic movement.

The Darkroom camera shop is one of the most famous examples of mimetic or programmatic architecture. The Walt Disney Company recently built replicas of this building at their Hollywood, Paris, and Orlando amusement parks. While the freestanding neon letters were installed on a ledge above the Darkroom, the real sign was the facade itself. The storefront is a nine-foot-tall representation of a contemporary 35mm camera. The camera's body is faced with black Vitrolite glass and surrounded with glass block. Clear glass was used on both sides of the lens for display windows. *^*

 

 

 
(1981)* - Darkroom Camera Shop for lease. Two pedestrians pass the former camera store, The Darkroom, located at 5370 Wilshire Boulevard. The 1937 Art Deco building, designed by Marcus P. Miller, has been occupied by several businesses and restaurants since the camera shop closed. (Herald-Examiner Collection; Los Angeles Public Library)  

 

Historical Notes

The real life inspiration behind the architecture is an Argus 35mm camera.

 

 

 
(2010s)#^* – Close-up view of the Darkroom after being converted to a restaurant.  

 

Historical Notes

The Darkroom closed in the late 1970s, and the building has since been used by several restaurants (El Toro Cantina, Punjab Cuisine, and La Boca del Conga Room). When it was occupied by El Toro Cantina, an aquarium was installed behind the storefront and swimming fish were visible (and still are) in the display windows from the street.

 

 

 
(2017)^^ - View showing the Spare Tire Kitchen and Tavern (previously The Darkroom) located at 5370 Wilshire Boulevard, as it appears today,  

 

Historical Notes

In 2014, the building's new occupant was the Spare Tire Kitchen & Tavern. The aquarium is still there. The facade itself is a protected landmark. Of the freestanding letters, all but the "K" were saved and are on display at the Museum of Neon Art in Los Angeles.#^*

 

* * * * *

 

Shutter Shak

 
(1970s)#^#^ – View showing the Shutter Shak, a photo developing kiosk in the shape of a camera located in the parking lot of a commercial center.  

 

Historical Notes

The Shutter Shak was originally built in 1976 and housed a photo developing business that advertised one day developing. Once located on 15336 Goldenwest Avenue, south of Bolsa Avenue, it has since been moved to the Blakey Historical Park on Westminster Boulevard and now houses a small camera museum inside it.

 

 

 
(2010s)#^*– View showing the Shutter Shak building as it appears today. It functioned as a photo-developing business. The original flash cube on top of the building has been lost.  

 

 

 

 
(2014)#^#^ – View showing the Shutter Shak as it appears today at the Blakey Historical Park, operated by the Westminster Historical Society.  Location:  8612 Westminster Blvd., Westminster, CA  

 

* * * * *

 

 

Tail o' the Pup

 
(1957)**^ - View of Tail o' the Pup hot dog stand at its original location at 311 North La Cienega Boulevard.  

 

Historical Notes

Designed by architect Milton Black, the stand opened at La Cienega and Beverly boulevards in June 1946 to luminary-studded, searchlight-lit fanfare. Eddie Blake purchased the Pup in the early 1970s from its celebrity owners, the dance team of Veloz and Yolanda.*^

 

 

 

 
(ca. 1963)^.^ - Close-up view of the iconic Tail o' the Pup hot dog stand on La Cienega Boulevard.  

 

Historical Notes

The Tail o' the Pup was a “hey-you-can’t miss-me!” type building, which pulled automobile drivers right off the road.

 

 

 

 
(ca. 1970s)* - Eddie Blake's Tail o' the Pup, famous hot dog stand at 301 N. La Cienega Boulevard in West Hollywood.  

 

Historical Notes

Despite its appearance in countless movies and commercials, the stand faced demolition in the mid-1980s, creating an outcry that resulted in the stand being moved a few yards from its original location at 311 North La Cienega Boulevard, to 329 North San Vicente Boulevard.

 

 

 
(2005)*^ - Busy day for the Tail o' the Pup hot dog stand. This would be one of the last photos taken of the LA cultural landmark.  

 

Historical Notes

In December 2005, the Pup was evicted and it moved into a Torrance warehouse after Regent Properties, a development company, purchased the Pup's site from landlord Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, and announced plans to build 152 condominium and apartment units. As of December 2012, construction had not started and the site remained a parking lot.

Owners Dennis and Eddie Blake plan to reopen the Tail o' the Pup once a suitable location is found, possibly in West Hollywood.

The City of Los Angeles has since declared Tail o’ the Pup to be a cultural landmark.

 

* * * * *

 

 

Fish Shanty

 
(ca. 1960s)*^# - View showing Smith Bros. Fish Shanty restaurant on La Cienega Blvd.  

 

Historical Notes

The Fish Shanty, owned by the Smith Bros, was established on La Cienega in 1950.  It was known to Los Angeles residents as "that place where you walked through the whale's mouth."  The popular fish restaurant was anchored at the southwest corner of the La Cienega Boulevard, Burton Way, and San Vicente intersection in an area known as Restaurant Row.

 

 

 

 
(1965)*^# – View showing an early model car in front of the whale-mouth entryway of The Fish Shanty.   

 

Historical Notes

The above clip was taken from the British black comedy called The Loved One, starring: Robert Morse, Anjanette Comer,  Rod Steiger,  John Gielgud, and Liberace.

The jaws of the Shanty’s whale façade was made out of thousands of tiny, ocean-blue, midcentury mosaic tiles that sparkled during sundown like the crest of an effervescent wave.*^#

 

 

 

 
(1980s)* - Exterior view of the entrance of the Smith Bros. Fish Shanty restaurant, showing a whale's mouth around the doors. The former seafood restaurant was located near the intersection of La Cienega Boulevard, San Vicente Boulevard and Burton Way in Los Angeles.  

 

Historical Notes

The Fish Shanty was demolished after a fire during the early 90s and was replaced by a car dealership. Today a new apartment building has taken its place built by Rick Caruso that also includes a Trader Joe's.

 

* * * * *

 

Big Donut Drive-in (North Hollywood)

 
(1960s)^^^*  - View looking east on Magnolia Boulevard at Laurel Canyon Boulevard where the Big Donut Drive-in stands on the northeast corner.  

 

Historical Notes

Russell C. Wendell, a doughnut machine salesman, created the Big Donut Drive-in. There were 10 locations, built over the course of the 1950s. At least five Big Donuts survive: they are Kindle's Donuts in unincorporated Westmont (this is the original location, built in 1950), (2) Randy's Donuts in Inglewood near LAX, the Donut King II in Gardena (3), Dale's Donuts in Compton (5), and Bellflower Bagels in Bellflower (8). Each features the distinctive giant doughnut constructed of rolled steel bars covered with gunite, a material used in swimming pools. Five Big Donuts have been demolished. They were located in Culver City (4), North Hollywood (6), Inglewood, on Imperial Hwy, 7), Van Nuys (9) and Reseda (10).

The building style dates to a period in the early 20th century that saw a proliferation of Programmatic Architecture throughout Southern California. This style had its heyday from the mid-1920s to the mid-1930s. By the 1950s however, the trend of designing structures in the shape of the product sold there had changed to focus on signs rather than architecture itself.*^

 

 

Big Donut Drive-in (Reseda)

 
(ca. 1960)^.^ – View showing Big Do-Nut Drive-in located at 7208 Reseda Boulevard on the NE corner of Reseda and Sherman Way.  

 

Historical Notes

This location, the last to open in the Big Do-Nut chain, also had the smaller, 23-foot donut, mounted on a pole. The site is now a 76 gas station.  Click HERE for contemporary view.

Russel Wendell, who opened the 10 Big Do-Nuts in the Los Angeles area, went on to greater fame as the originator of the Pup ‘n’ Taco chain, whose first location opened in 1965.

 

Big Donut Drive-in (later Randy's Donuts - Inglewood)

 
(ca. 1960)^.^ - View showing Russel Wendell's 2nd of 10 Big Donut Drive-ins located at 805 W. Manchester Ave in Inglewood near LAX.  

 

Historical Notes

The donut shop was reportedly designed by Henry J. Goodwin as the second of ten locations for Russell C. Wendell’s now-defunct Big Donut Drive-In Chain, and was completed in 1953. Several others still survive, but this one (now Randy’s Donuts) is the best known.

At least five Big Donuts survive: they are Kindle's Donuts in unincorporated Westmont (this is the original location, built in 1950), (2) Randy's Donuts in Inglewood near LAX, the Donut King II in Gardena (3), Dale's Donuts in Compton (5), and Bellflower Bagels in Bellflower (8). Each features the distinctive giant doughnut constructed of rolled steel bars covered with gunite, a material used in swimming pools. Five Big Donuts have been demolished. They were located in Culver City (4), North Hollywood (6), Inglewood, on Imperial Hwy, 7), Van Nuys (9) and Reseda (10).

 

Randy's Donuts

 
(2009)+** - View showing Randy's Dunuts (originally Big Donut Drive-in) located at 805 West Manchester Avenue in Inglewood (near LAX). "OPEN 24 hrs"  

 

Historical Notes

Randy’s Donuts is an unquestionable icon of 1950s Los Angeles, for obvious reasons: it is a typical mid-century drive-up restaurant with a giant donut on its roof.

Not just a giant donut—Randy’s has THE giant donut, the most famous donut in America and maybe even the world. It has appeared in innumerable television shows, music videos, and films.

The donut shop was reportedly designed by Henry J. Goodwin as the second of ten locations for Russell C. Wendell’s now-defunct Big Donut Drive-In Chain, and was completed in 1953. Several others still survive, but Randy’s in Inglewood is the best known.

The building itself is a fairly unremarkable if admirably intact Mid-Century Modern drive-up food stand, and it may not technically count as Programmatic architecture (in which a building looks like the item it hawks). But the donut on its roof is just so large, so uncompromising, so demanding of our attention that we’ll look the other way and consider Randy’s a Programmatic design.^#^

 

 

 
(2004)*^ – View showing Randy's Donuts, colloquially known as "The Big O".  The donut shop was made famous by the 32.5-foot donut on its roof.  Photo Credit:  Library of Congress  

 

Historical Notes

The restaurant has seen three owners: 1) Russell Wendell, who created the Big Donut Drive-in chain in the 1950s; 2) Robert Eskow who purchased it in the mid-1970s and made it part of his Randy’s chain of sandwich shops; 3) Ron and Larry Weintraub who took over in 1978 (Weintraubs and Eskows are related).

Randy’s Donuts is one of Los Angeles’ most iconic landmarks and represents the postwar optimism and whimsy of the city in a way few other places can.^#^

 

Kindle’s Donuts

 
(2014)^.^ - Kindle’s Donuts at Normandie and Century Blvd in South Central L.A. originally was the first Big Donut location, built in 1950.  

 

Historical Notes

In 1950, in a burst of post-war enterprise, a young doughnut machine salesman named Russell C. Wendell opened a small store on S. Normandie and Century Blvd in South Central L.A. which he called the Big Donut Drive-in.  In order to get attention he mounted a gigantic doughnut on the roof, measuring 32 ½ feet in diameter.  It was made of rolled steel bars, covered with gunnite, a material used in building swimming pools- basically mortar sprayed through a hose at ultra-high velocity.  He painted his Big Donut name across the front and Boom! Instant business success.  This Big Donut is still in existence, having gone through many ownership changes.  It was re-named Kindle’s in 1977 when a baker named Gary Kindle purchased this location.  It has kept its second name even though the owners have since changed. ^

 

* * * * *

 

 

The Donut Hole

 
(1970)*** – View showing the Donut Hole, a drive-through coffee and donut shop in an eye-catching building located at 15300 Amar Road, La Puente in LA County. Sign reads: 'Entrance - Do-Nut Blvd'. Click HERE for Contemporary View.  

 

* * * * *

 

Studio City Hand Car Wash

 
(2008)*^ - View showing the Studio City Hand Car Wash located at 11514 Ventura Boulevard.  The 3-dimensional sign features a giant hand holding a square sponge with a ’57 Corvette Convertible on top of it.  

 

Historical Notes

The sign was created by sculptor Gagik Daniel in 1998 and features a life-sized replica of a 1957 hot pink Corvette sitting on top of a giant yellow sponge held by a slightly larger-than-life fiberglass hand.

 

 

(2011)^v^ - Studio City Hand Car Wash sign during Halloween.

 
     

 

 

 

 
(2010s)^x^ - View looking southeast showing the famous Studio City Hand Car Wash sign (which features a giant three-dimensional hand holding up a classic car).  

 

Historical Notes

The imaginative eye-catching signage survived despite the opposition of the Studio City Residents Association and the City of Los Angeles.  The sign was too tall (6 ft.) and too close to the street (8½ ft.), and built without a permit.  To remedy the situation, the sign was moved and its height reduced by slicing the wrist.

 

 

 
(2014)*^# – Close-up view of the Studio City Hand Car Wash sign with American Flag attached to one of its giant fingers. Location: 11514 Ventura Boulevard  

 

Historical Notes

Studio City Hand Car Wash, with its famous 3-dimensional sign, is now an institution on Ventura Boulevard. Click HERE for contemporary view.

 

* * * * *

 

Coca-Cola Building

 
(1930s)* - Exterior view of the Coca-Cola Bottling Co. of Los Angeles at 1334 South Central Avenue.  

 

Historical Notes

The Coca Cola Building is a Coca-Cola bottling plant modeled as a Streamline Moderne building designed by architect Robert V. Derrah with the appearance of a ship with portholes, catwalk and a bridge from five existing industrial buildings in 1939.*^

 

 

 
(1982)* - View of the Coca-Cola Building, a legendary building on a legendary street, 1334 South Central Avenue, as it appeared in 1982.  

 

Historical Notes

The Coca-Cola Building was designated Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument No. 138 in 1975 (Click HERE to see complete listing).

 

 

 
(2010s)#^# - View showing the Coca-Cola Company Bottling Headquarters, looking more like a cruise ship, located on the northeast corner of Central Avenue and 14th Street.  Click HERE for contemporary view.  

 

Historical Notes

Robert V. Derrah’s Coca-Cola Company Bottling Headquarters is a stunning expression of Streamline Modern style, a later branch of the Art Deco movement, featuring curving forms, long horizontal lines, and nautical influence.

 

* * * * *

 

 

Fleetwood Center

 
(ca. 2010)^#^ – View of the Fleetwood Plaza located at 19611 Ventura Boulevard in Tarzana.  Photo by Jessica Hodgdon  

 

Historical Notes

Constructed in 1987, according to An Architectural Guidebook to Los Angeles, it was designed in the Programmatic style of architecture, although it's unclear if a Cadillac dealership ever actually occupied the space. Lee Oakes of architectural firm Matlin and Dvoretzky designed the two-story building for developer CBS Realcorp.^#^

 

 

 
(2015)^^ – View of the Fleetwood Square mini-mall on the north side Ventura Boulevard east of Corbin Avenue. It was designed to look like the front of a Cadillac Fleetwood.  

 

Historical Notes

The building has angular corner turrets like the jutting front fenders of a ca. 1970 Caddy, punctuated by four “headlights” of circular neon, central windows arranged like a radiator grill, and first-floor masonry walls painted black to look like tires. It was designed expressly to draw attention to the block, and that it does, in a way that could not be more weirdly appropriate to its Ventura Boulevard setting. Tragically, its stucco finish is currently painted a subdued white, a far cry from its original shocking pink.^#^

 

* * * * *

 

 

Binoculars Building (originally the Chiat/Day Building)

 
(ca. 1992)^.^ - View showing the Binoculars Building (originally the Chiat/Day Building), located at 340 N. Main Street in Venice, Los Angeles.  

 

Historical Notes

The Binoculars Building, originally the Chiat/Day Building, is a commercial building located in Venice which incorporates the public artwork "Giant Binoculars" by Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen on its street-facing facade.  Built between 1991 and 2001 for advertising agency Chiat/Day (now TBWA\Chiat\Day) as its West Coast corporate headquarters, it was designed by Los Angeles architect Frank Gehry, and was his last project in Los Angeles until the Walt Disney Concert Hall began construction in 1999.*^

 

 

 
(2007)*^ - View showing the Binoculars Building which consists of three styles of architecture.  

 

Historical Notes

The Binoculars Building is notable for the three different styles used in the main facade on Main Street, particularly the massive "Giant Binoculars" sculpture covering both a car and pedestrian entrance. The entrance to the parking garage is between the lenses of the binoculars.

 

 

 

 
(2014)#^#^ – Close-up view showing the entrance to the Binoculars Building in Venice, now occupied by Google.  

 

Historical Notes

In January 2011, W. P. Carey & Co. announced Google was leasing 100,000 square feet of space in the building and two neighboring buildings, part of a major expansion to establish a larger employment presence in Los Angeles.*^

 

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References and Credits

* LA Public Library Image Archive

**USC Digital Library

^^Google Sreet View

^*Facebook: SoCal Historic Architecture

#^Flickr.com: Michael Ryerson

**^La La Land: Pup o' Tail

^^*The RPF: Bulldog Café

*+*Los Angeles Planning Department: Idle Hour Café

+**Google Maps Panoramio.com

+^^Facebook.com:  Garden of Allah Novels – Martin Turnbull

^++Pinterest.com: California Dreamin

++*LAist.com: Idle Hour Café

^*^ Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles: losangelespast.com

*^^Mordmardok.tumblr.com: The Big Cone

^**KCET: The Oil Can Restaurant

^^^Pinterest: The Darkroom

^v^Esotouric.com: The Tamale

^x^Burbank's Pumpkin Building

***Daily News

*^*Main Street Gazette - World Famous Photo Finishing

*^#Los Angeles Magazine: The Fish Shanty; Studio City Hand Car Wash

#^*RoadsideArchitecture.com

#^#Huffington Post: Los Angeles: Art Deco Mecca

^#^Los Angeles Conservancy: The Tamale; Fleetwood Center; Randy's Donuts

#^^LAtaco.com: Zep Diner

^*#Noirish Los Angeles: Bob's Airmail Service Station

*##MartinTurnbull.com: Freezer Ice Cream Store

^##Restaurant-ing Through History: Ice Cream Parlors

##*Mr. Cecil's California Ribs

^*^#Facebook.com - Bizzare Los Angeles

^**^California State Archives

^^^*San Fernando Valley Relics: Facebook.com

^^#*Huntington Digital Library Archive

#*#*LA Curbed: Idle Hour Café

#*#^Flickr.com: Wilshire Boulevard History

#^#^Weird California: Los Angeles' Programmatic Architecture

#^*^Facebook.com: West San Fernando Valley Then And Now

***^Pomona Public Library Digital Archive: Bob's Airmail Service Station

*^ Wikipedia: Tail o' the Pup; Chili Bowl Restaurant - Art Whizin; Brown Derby Restaurant; Big Donut Drive-in; Randy's Donuts

 

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